Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid disease affects 27 million Americans, more than the number diagnosed with diabetes and cancer combined. The American Cancer Society estimates that there will be approximately 48,000 new cases of thyroid cancer diagnosed in the United States annually, and of these new cases, over 70% will be women.

Thyroid cancers can occur at all ages but are relatively common in younger women, a group not typically at high risk for cancers. The notable risk factor that has been identified for thyroid cancer is radiation exposure at a young age. Data from the Chernobyl nuclear accident, atomic bomb survivors, and patients who have received therapeutic radiation to the head and neck indicate that radiation exposure is a strong risk factor for thyroid cancer.

Diagnosis

Information from the PET/CT scan can help physicians evaluate thyroid cancer.
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Treatment

Treatment can be tailored specifically to the patient, depending upon the type and extent of cancer.
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Follow-up

Information from the PET/CT scan allows physicians to monitor non-iodine-avid recurrence.
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PET/CT Utilization and Case Studies

PET/CT is a noninvasive test that physicians utilize to stage the entire body for the presence or absence of active tumor, localize the tumor, assess the tumor response to treatment and detect recurrence in treated lesions.
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Source: American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2011. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 2011

Source: Atlas of Clinical Positron Emission Tomography by Sallie F. Barrington, Michael N. Maisey and Richard R. Wahl. Oxford University Press, Inc. New York, NY. 2006.