Esophageal Cancer

The esophagus is the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. Cancer of the esophagus starts from its inner layer and grows outward, originating in either the squamous cells that routinely line the inner surface of the esophagus or glandular tissue that develops within the esophagus.

The American Cancer Society has indicated that in the US an estimated 17,000 cases of esophageal cancer are expected to be diagnosed each year. The number of deaths annually from esophageal cancer is estimated to be 14,700.

Diagnosis

PET/CT scanning is an important addition to other tests that can be done right after you are diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus.
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Treatment

A PET/CT scan can help the physician determine whether surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy is the best treatment option.
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Follow-up

PET/CT can be used to image the response to therapy in esophageal cancer and to detect recurrence in treated lesions.
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PET/CT Utilization and Case Studies

PET/CT is a noninvasive test that physicians utilize to stage the entire body for the presence or absence of active tumor, localize the tumor, assess the tumor response to treatment and detect recurrence in treated lesions.
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Source: American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2011. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 2011