Epilepsy Treatment

Medications are available that will reduce the frequency and severity of seizures in many patients, and this is the preferred method of treatment.

Patients whose seizures cannot be controlled by medication are referred to as patients with intractable seizures. For these patients surgery may be an option if their seizures are localized to a small part of the brain. Successful surgery has been found to stop the seizures completely or at least significantly reduce them, enabling patients to resume normal activities. If surgery is determined to be the best option for treatment, the patient and the family should communicate with their physician to have a realistic picture of the benefits, the risks, and the chances of complete or partial control of seizures afterwards.

Accurate identification of the location of the brain tissue involved in causing the seizures is critical. By helping the physician identify the source of the seizure activity within the brain, PET/CT imaging provides an additional test to help plan the surgery.

Accurate localization of the focus of the seizure activity is critically important for surgical treatment.

Source: Atlas of Clinical Positron Emission Tomography by Sallie F. Barrington, Michael N. Maisey and Richard R. Wahl. Oxford University Press, Inc. New York, NY. 2006.